Statistically speaking, 40% of infertile couples cannot conceive a child due to male infertility. An equal amount is accredited to female infertility. The other 10% is a mix of both male and female infertility (combined infertility).
What Are the Leading Reasons for Infertility in Men?
There are sixteen known reasons for male infertility. These are the most common ones:
- Inflammatory and infectious diseases could directly cause or lead to male infertility. Diseases like prostatitis and urethritis (as well as others) can disturb the spermatogenesis process, which can lead to lowered fertility in men. Traumas and swelling in the lower abdominal area can also negatively affect the impregnation process.
- Seminiferous tubule obstruction stops sperm cells from making their way into the urethra. This is a physical barrier that can be removed with the help of a micro-operation.
- Varicose veins in the testicles cause body temperature to rise, which negatively affects the process of spermatogenesis.
- Hormonal imbalance can lead to the partial or full interruption of the spermatogenesis process. It can also alter the semen composition, which can cause infertility. In the case of endocrine infertility hormonal medication is often prescribed, which can improve the condition of the semen and make it suitable for fertilization.
- Psychosexual problems and lowered potency can also lead to infertility. In this case the patient should be treated by a sex therapist.